The family Recurvirostridae comprises four genera, two of which are represented in Europe, by the Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta and the Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus. Five subspecies of the latter are recognised, of which the nominate race occurs in the Palearctic and also breeds in Africa, India and Malaya. Black-winged Stilts have bred once in Britain: two pairs raised three young in


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