On 27th March 2020, I watched a female Common Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs removing the flowers from a Forsythia in a garden in Watlington, Norfolk. The bird severed each flower at its base and manipulated it in its bill in the same manner as it would when husking a seed. The flower was then observed to fall to the ground. After several minutes, the bird flew off. Examination of the dropped Forsythia flowers showed that the centre containing the pistil and stamens had been removed, leaving only the corolla (petals) intact (plate 280).


280. Two Forsythia flowers discarded by a Common Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs (left and right) compared with an intact flower removed directly from the plant.

Tristan Folland

Cramp & Perrins (1994) states that the diet of Chaffinches includes flowers, but Forsythia is not specifically mentioned. No documented evidence could be found elsewhere regarding Chaffinches feeding on the flowers of Forsythia and most references to other species feeding on Forsythia related to flower buds (Barrows 1889; Fryer 1939; Newton 1960; Alford 2013).


Alford, D. V. 2013. Ravageurs des végétaux d’ornement: arbres, arbustes, fleurs. Éditions Quae, Versailles.

Barrows, B. B. 1889. The English Sparrow (Passer domesticus) in North America. US Department of Agriculture. Division of Economic Ornithology and Mammalogy. Bulletin 1. Government Printing Office, Washington.

Cramp, S., & Perrins, C. M. 1994. The Birds of the Western Palearctic. Vol. 8. OUP, Oxford.

Fryer, J. C. F. 1939. The destruction of buds of trees and shrubs by birds. Brit. Birds 33: 90–94.

Newton, I. 1960. The diet and feeding habits of the Bullfinch. Bird Study 7: 1–9.

Tristan Folland, Watlington, Norfolk; e-mail [email protected]

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