Lansdown, P / February 1991 – vol. 84, issue 2, pp 41–56 There are two races of Arctic Redpoll Carduelis hornemanni: C. h. hornemanni from northern Greenland and Ellesmere Island to Baffin Island, and C. h. exilipes from the northern extremes of Fenno-Scandia, the USSR, Alaska and mainland Canada. The former is the larger and whiter race and, in the hand, its longer wings (80-91 mm compared with 71-79 mm for the latter) are diagnostic (Knox 1988). There... This article is only available to registered users.To read more, please log in or purchase a subscription.