At about midday on 28th December 2002, I was walking along a track on Barden Moor in Wharfedale, North Yorkshire. Quite suddenly, a Red Grouse Lagopus lagopus, which had been calling from nearby heather Calluna/Erica, appeared in the open just 10 m away from me, with head and neck upright, red wattles distended and making low-pitched crowing calls (`tuow') which appeared to be directed at me. Gradua


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