During 14 years of studying roosting harriers Circus, I have not come across any instance of Hen Harriers C. cyaneus roosting on bare ground at night, and I suspected that the few reports of such roosting by other harrier species (e.g. Donald 1905; Meinertzhagen 1954; Ali & Ripley 1978) related to pre-roost gatherings. On 22nd January 1993, in the Little Rann of Kutch desert, Gujarat, northwes


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