The Broads. ByE. A. Ellis. Collins, London, 1965. 401 pages; 47 monochrome photographs and 68 maps and diagrams. 36s. This long-awaited guide to the natural history of the Norfolk broads is most impressive. Edward Ellis's writing is always colourful and he brings the broadland scene vividly before us. There are chapters on the early geology of broadland, on the physiographical evolution of the east Norfolk river valleys since the Ice Age, and on the vegetation, the invertebrate animals, the fishes, the amphibians and reptiles, the birds and the mammals. But this is not only a book for naturalists. There is also much of general interest. The chapters on the origin of the broads, on man in broadland and on native river craft, for example, make fascinating reading. In addition to a full bibliography, there are valuable appendices giving maps of every broad during the last century and notes on broadland marsh tools and broads insects. The chapter on birds occupies 19 pages, all except five being devoted to 'brief descriptions of the local status of most of the birds known to frequent the broads'. It was compiled by the late B. B. Riviere, who died in 1953, and Edward Ellis. This section valuably condenses a surprising amount of information, but there are points on which one might quibble. For example, Cormorants are no longer 'fairly regular in small numbers' as over a hundred spend each winter at Ranworth; Shelduck are not now rare, breeding having taken place at Hickling and
Issue 11
Seago, M. J
Atkinson-Willes, G. L

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