'THE Yellowhammer (Emberiza c. citrinella) is known in western Carnarvonshire indifferently as Penfelen (i.e. Yellow-head) or Gwas y neidr (i.e. Servant of the Adder). The latter name is also applied to the Adder-bolt or Dragonfly. A common Welsh name for the Meadow-Pipit is Gwas y gog (i.e. Servant of the Cuckoo) and it is alleged that the Yellowhammer cherishes and feeds an adder just as the Mead


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