Ireland lies on the European continental shelf, directly north of Portugal and west of the Netherlands. It was separated from Britain in the early Postglacial period and today the channel between the two islands is 22 km wide in the north and 76 km in the south. The island is somewhat saucer-shaped, with the interior lying at an average height of 80 m above sea level, and a number of isolated hill


Stay at the forefront of British birding by taking out a subscription to British Birds.

Subscribe Now