ABSTRACT Large declines in the breeding populations and contractions of breeding range have occurred in several woodland birds in Britain in recent decades. Data from the BTO’s Common Birds Census indicate that 10 out of 32 woodland species declined by more than 50% between 1966 and 1999, while 5 species increased by more than 50% over the same period.The declining species differ substantially in their ecology and life-history patterns. No single general explanation can be identified for the declines and it is likely that multiple factors have exerted a combined effect on several of the species. Seven factors emerge from this review as especially relevant and worthy of further study: (i) pressures on migrants during migration or in winter; (ii) climate change on the breeding grounds; (iii) general reduction in invertebrate food supplies; (iv) impacts of land use on woodland edges, habitats adjacent to woodland and hedgerows; (v) reduced management of lowland woodland; (vi) intensified habitat modification by deer; and (vii) increased predation pressure from Grey Squirrels Sciurus carolinensis, Great Spotted Woodpeckers Dendrocopos major and corvids.ird populations in the wider countryside of Britain underwent large changes in the second part of the twentieth century. The majority of specialist farmland birds declined in the 1970s and 1980s, largely as a result of agricultural intensification (Chamberlain et al. 2000; Fuller 2000). It is less widely appreciated that populations of some woodland birds in Britain have also declined considerably in recent decades, with Lesser Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos minor, Marsh Tit Parus palustris, Willow
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British Birds – how it works
BB 2000 Ltd, the company that owns and publishes British Birds, is run by a board of directors, all of whom are volunteers. The company employs two full time staff – Roger Riddington is the journal’s editor while Hazel Jenner manages subscriptions and administration – and three part-time design/editorial staff.
The company is wholly owned by The British Birds Charitable Trust (BBCT, registered charity no. 1089422). Neither the company directors nor the trustees are paid for their services, providing their time and enthusiasm because they passionately believe in the value of BB. The Company is managed with a view to making a small profit which can be donated to the Trust to help fund its charitable work.
Over the past six years, this, combined with donations from other sources, has enabled the Trust to give almost £70,000 support to a variety of conservation and educational projects ranging from rat eradication on seabird islands to the study of cuckoo migration, as well as assisting young birders develop their interest.
A full list of projects is given here. The Trust is seeking to expand its charitable endeavours and would welcome donations from like-minded organisations and individuals.