By John Callion
Abstract A long-term study of European Stonechats Saxicola rubicola in western Cumbria is summarised. Observations of incubating females revealed some hitherto unknown behavioural patterns, indicating the state of incubation by the readiness of the female to return to incubate. Results from colour-ringing have shown that some juveniles travel over 40 km to form small groups during the period of post-juvenile moult. Some siblings have been discovered to have different migration strategies, and the evidence suggests that an individual retains a particular migratory pattern for life.
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