June 2018 – vol. 111, issue 6, pp 310–322 By Hans Larsson Abstract Separating Common Apus apus and Pallid Swifts A. pallidus in autumn in a vagrant context can be one of the more difficult challenges for birders in northwest Europe. The fact that the key characters of the juvenile plumage of both species are poorly descried in the literature is an additional complication. Based on a review of Swedish records of Pallid Swift, and publicati... This article is only available to registered users.To read more, please log in or purchase a subscription.