Andrew Hoodless, Christopher Heward and Owen Williams

The additional pre-migratory mass is almost entirely fat: for a Woodcock of average departure mass (340 g), fat would comprise 26% of lean body mass (270 g) and could be deposited in ten days provided the ground remained unfrozen (Sánchez-García et al. 2018). We estimate the typical maximum flight range for Woodcocks leaving Britain


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