The Pallid Swift Apus pallidus found moribund on North Ronaldsay, Orkney, on 26th October 1996 was the first Scottish record, and the ninth for Britain & Ireland since 1958 (Gray 1997, 1998; Rogers et al. 1997). Significantly, as a specimen record, it presented an opportunity to determine the subspecies involved. Geographical variation in Pallid Swift is clinal, and the three subspecies recogn


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