Ken Smith, Linda Smith and Rob Clements / August 2021 – vol. 114, issue 8, pp 465–479 AbstractIn recent decades, the Lesser Spotted Woodpecker Dryobates minor has declined in both population and range in Britain. It is difficult to monitor, occurring at such low density in many areas that it is rarely encountered during BTO/JNCC/RSPB Breeding Bird Surveys. Additionally, it can be difficult to detect and often occurs in locations and habitats infrequently visited by birdwatc... This article is only available to registered users.To read more, please log in or purchase a subscription.