Breeding-range expansion of the Caspian Gull in Europe: 2021–22 update

Breeding-range expansion of the Caspian Gull in Europe: 2021–22 update

Abstract

Litwiniak et al. (2021) detailed the breeding-range expansion of the Caspian Gull Larus cachinnans in Europe. The paper concluded by saying that: ‘The Caspian Gull is an easy-to-study bird, and we can continue to follow its expansion in Europe in real time.’ Since that paper was written, the species has continued to increase and extend its range in Europe. In this paper, we present an update on the increase in both numbers and range across Europe since the publication of Litwiniak et al. (2021).

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