Christopher G. R. Bowden / September 2021 – vol. 114, issue 9, pp 541–553 Abstract Formerly widespread across Europe, North Africa and the Middle East, the Northern Bald Ibis Geronticus eremita has undergone slow but catastrophic declines over extended periods, becoming extinct across most of its range. The species was listed as Critically Endangered (the highest category short of extinction) globally. A small semi-wild population in Turkey has persisted,... This article is only available to registered users.To read more, please log in or purchase a subscription.