In 2021, three pairs of Wood Pigeons Columba palumbus nested and reared chicks in my garden in York, Yorkshire. Breeding attempts by the only pair of Collared Doves Streptopelia decaocto, in contrast, failed. In early September, one of the Wood Pigeon pairs still had an occupied nest with a well-grown youngster in an Oriental Spruce Picea orientalis growing close to t

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